How Will the Smoking Ban Affect New Orleans Casinos?

The city of New Orleans implemented a full ban on smoking in bars, restaurants, casinos, and other public spaces in April of 2014.

The purpose of the law was to extend existing statewide smoking bans within the city limits. The new law means it is illegal to smoke within five feet of everything from public parks to colleges and even the city’s jails and prisons.

The use of e-cigarettes and vaporizers is also considered smoking. So that’s banned too.

How do the operators of gambling venues in New Orleans feel about it?

They’re upset.

The Louisiana State Police, which oversees gambling in Louisiana, predicted that the state could lose $104 million in tax revenue and fees from the implementation of this ban. That number came from the Gaming Enforcement Commission’s notes on a study done on smoking bans in Atlantic City and Delaware gaming properties.

That study, which you can read as a PDF file here, accurately predicted a 12% decrease in revenue for the state of Delaware after a smoking ban in gambling halls in that state. Another arm of that study predicted a huge decrease of 20% in Atlantic City’s profits across a two-year period after a smoking ban in South Jersey, though that prediction hasn’t been tested yet.

Their argument is simple enough. As the New Orleans advocate puts it, “[Casinos, restaurants, and bars] argue that tourists come to New Orleans because they like to gamble and drink. The city is one of the last to allow smoking in some public places.” To take that away will change people’s attitude about New Orleans.

How many will simply decide not to come back?

What have they done about it?

Opponents of the ban have been active.

First, Harrah’s tried to delay the ban, claiming they needed more time to help their employees and customers adjust to the new rules. New Orleans City Council saw through that smokescreen (pun totally intended), shaming Harrah’s for trying to amend city law to benefit their own interests. For their part, Harrah’s is currently involving New Orleans in a difficult and costly lease renegotiation which has to be seen as an attempt at revenge on the part of the casino.

What Harrah’s did next was brilliant. Before the ban went into effect, the property made a huge show of becoming “the first smoke-free casino in Louisiana.” At midnight two days before the ban went into effect, they ceremonially removed ashtrays, handed out lollipops for frustrated smokers, and made a big to-do of their early adoption.

It was a brilliant move because they were planning a counter-attack the entire time.

Next, Harrah’s joined forces with many other local businesses affected by the ban and filed a lawsuit in civil court to strike it down. This action was more effective. It included several large local businesses (including Pat O Brien’s, Broussard’s, and several other New Orleans landmarks) and focused on the potential loss of revenue facing the city.

The hearing was scheduled for May 21. That lease negotiation Harrah’s is forcing on the city? It could cost New Orleans anywhere from $4 – $30 million dollars, which Harrah’s says is the cost of forcing the smoking ban on their successful gaming enterprise.

Who benefits from the New Orleans smoking ban?

I’m cynical, but not too cynical. This might smarmy, too.

I’m okay with that.

Here’s who benefits from the New Orleans smoking ban:

The people who visit bars, hotels, restaurants, casinos, and other public spaces all benefit.

We know secondhand smoke is dangerous. The American Cancer Society says secondhand smoke kills 42,000 people a year. It’s bad and you probably agree that it should be banned, unless you’re a libertarian or anarchist or something.

But beyond that – people these days don’t like to go places where smoking takes place. Times have changed – gone are the days when going home from your waitressing job smelling like a cigarette was no big deal because everybody smoked. These days, fewer people smoke, and the ones who don’t simply don’t want to be around it.

City Council Member Latoya Cantrell, who sponsored the law and has been vocal about her support for it, points out that secondhand smoke exposure costs the state millions of dollars a year in healthcare costs. That’s another angle to consider. It might be fiscally irresponsible to continue to allow smoking in public, at least according to the ban’s proponents.

So what’s going to happen?

Harrah’s is trying to put its money where its mouth is, threatening to shrink its state-mandated work force from 2,400 to 1,500. They’ve got legislation under consideration which would allow them to do just that.

With pressure on the city council from judges more than ready to rule in favor of existing liberties, it’s not totally clear that the city will be able to maintain the ban as it exists now.

Bartenders and business owners continue to make the same point – you’ll read it in this article from VICE and in this from the Guardian. What is going to happen when neighboring businesses get sick of the smokers pouring out of bars, casinos, and restaurants every few minutes? That seems to be the real threat to shop owners concerned about their customers getting up and leaving to satisfy their nicotine habit.

If I had to make a prediction, I’d say that the ban is here to stay. I can’t find a single example of a city getting rid of a smoking ban once it’s been put in place. It just doesn’t happen. As for how the city will be affected, I’d predict that Harrah’s is going to continue making a stink until they earn an exemption from the New Orleans City Council.

That means the city will rule in favor of the civil rights of customers at a single business. That will be a weird day, indeed.

7 Roulette Variations You’ve Probably Never Heard Of

Roulette is a lot of fun, but after a while, it’s like anything else.

Boring.

Wouldn’t it be great if you could take something you’re familiar with and spice it up with some interesting differences?

That way you could enjoy the familiarity of a game you know how to play with the novelty of playing with some different rules.

As luck would have it, all kinds of variations of roulette are available.

You’re probably already familiar with the differences between American and European roulette.

In this post, I’m going to share 7 roulette variations you’ve probably never even heard of. I’ll include information about where you can play these games, too.

1. Alphabetic Roulette
Alphabetic Roulette (or “Alphabet Roulette”) is a variation that replaces the numbers you’re used to seeing on the wheel and the table with the letters of the alphabet. You have 25 possibilities for single letters, A through X. You also have a single possibility of getting Y or Z. (They occupy the same space on the wheel and on the table.)

The game also features 6 different colors—you’ll find 4 letters corresponding to each color. The YZ space isn’t colored. (Compare that to traditional roulette’s 00 and/or 0, which is green while all the other spaces are red or black.)

You can bet on individual letters, 2 letters, 3 letters, or 4 letters. You can also bet on certain combinations of letters that spell certain words, like the “Party Pit” bet, which is a bet on P, A, R, T, Y, or I. The “roulette” bet is like this, too, which is a bet on the following letters: R, O, U, L, E, or T. As in traditional roulette, you also have the option to bet on a certain color or on a column or a dozens bet.

The game has a 4% house edge, no matter which bet you place. Alphabet Roulette was launched in 2011 at Fitzgerald’s Casino in Las Vegas. It’s been approved by the Nevada Gaming Board, so it could turn up at any casino in the state.

Another variation of Alphabet Roulette uses playing cards with customized decks of 25 cards. You can read more about either variation at the official site for the game: http://www.alphabetroulette.com/.

2. Back 2 Back Roulette
I’ve also seen this referred to as “Back2Back Roulette” or just “Back to Back Roulette”. It’s a variation of roulette with an optional side bet on your lucky numbers. If a number hits twice in a row, you win 1200 to 1 on your bet.

This variation is available at the Atlantis Casino in Reno, Nevada.

3. Diamond Roulette
Diamond Roulette adds extra colors to the mix. Instead of just red and black (and green), a Diamond Roulette table has the following colors:

Red
Blue
Green
Yellow
Purple
Black
Each color corresponds to 6 numbers. Bets on a particular color pay out at 5 to 1. At a table with 2 zeroes, the player can also bet on a combination of a single color and the zeroes. This bet pays out at 3 to 1, but the house edge is huge—15.79%.

Of course, there are no even money red or black bets with this variation.

This variation of roulette can be found in Atlantic City casinos.

4. Double Action Roulette
“Double Action Roulette” really mixes things up. Instead of having a single wheel, this game has 2 wheels, one inside the other. The ball lands in a slot between the 2 wheels, resulting in 2 winning numbers per spin. You can bet on numbers in the outer wheel, the inner wheel, or both (a parlay).

Bets on a single wheel have the same kinds of payouts as traditional roulette, but the parlay bets have more interesting payouts. The single number parlay pays 1200 to 1. The other bets pay out between 3 to 1 and 25 to 1.

The house edge for the single wheel bets are the same as in traditional roulette games, but the parlay bets are sucker bets—the house edge is almost twice as high on those wagers.

This game is reportedly available at the M Casino in Las Vegas.

5. Double Ball Roulette
If a roulette game with 2 wheels doesn’t thrill you, maybe a game with 2 balls will. This game is almost identical to traditional roulette except for the extra ball in action.

If you place an outside bet, then both balls have to win for your bet to be a winner. On inside bets, either ball counts as a win. If both balls land on the inside bet, then the payout doubles.

The game also has a “Double Ball Jackpot”, which pays off when both balls land in the same individual numbered slot.

The house edge varies from bet to bet, but the best odds are the inside bets on single numbers. The house edge on that wager is 5.33%.

This game has been spotted at the Tropicana in Las Vegas.

6. Prime Time Roulette
This game features an optional side bet on the 11 prime numbers on the wheel. (A prime number is a number that can only be divided by itself an 1. In this case, those include 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, and 31.)

The bet pays out according to how many times in a row a prime number appears. If it lands on a number that’s not a prime number, the side bet is lost. The payout is even money for a single prime time, but it goes up to 299 to 1 if a prime number comes up 7 times in a row.

Payouts vary based on the version of the game you’re playing.

7. Rapid Roulette
Rapid Roulette plays just like regular roulette, but instead of placing chips on a table, you place your bets using an electronic interface. It’s fun, but it’s not quite the same feeling as the original game.

Conclusion
If you’re bored with regular roulette, look for some of these variations. The house edge is usually as high or higher, but the change in rules might be just the novelty you need to keep the game interesting.

Dota 2 Betting Predictions for StarLadder ImbaTV Invitational Season 5

StarLadder ImbaTV Invitational Season 5 is a Dota Pro Circuit Minor, having a prize pool of $300,000 and awarding a total of 300 qualification points for The International 2018. The event is organized by StarLadder in association with ImbaTV, has eight participating teams and is scheduled to take place in Kiev (Ukraine, Eastern Europe) between April 12th and April 15th.

Teams, Tournament Format and Prize Distribution
StarLadder ImbaTV Invitational Season 5 features eight teams from a total of six regions:

Europe: Team Kinguin.
CIS: FlyToMoon, Natus Vincere, Vega Squadron.
South America: SG e-sports.
North America: OpTic Gaming.
China: VGJ.Thunder.
Southeast Asia: Fnatic.
For the Group Stage, the teams will be split into two groups of four.
Group A

OpTic Gaming
VGJ.Thunder
FlyToMoon
Team Kinguin
Group B

Fnatic
Vega Squadron
Natus Vincere
SG e-sports
Both groups will be played in a double-elimination bracket format. The second and first placed teams from each group advance to the Playoffs. Here, the rank 1 from Group A plays against rank 2 from Group B and vice versa. Until the Grand Final (Bo5), every match is a Bo3 series.

Because it belongs to the Dota Pro Circuit, StarLadder ImbaTV Invitational Season 5 offers 300 qualification points in addition to its prize pool. The money and the points will be distributed among the 8 teams in the following way:

1st place: $135,000; 150 points
2nd place: $60,000; 90 points
3rd – 4th place: $30,000; 30 points
5th – 6th place: $15,000; 0 points
7th – 8th place: $7,500; 0 points
Betting Predictions
VGJ.Thunder vs. FlyToMoon
VGJ.Thunder
VGJ.Thunder is sitting at number 8 in the Dota Pro Circuit rankings, having 1665 points. This is a very strong Chinese competitor and given that most of its usual opponents are missing from this event, it is likely that it will claim the title or at least qualify for the Grand Final. Overall, VGJ.Thunder has obtained two 2nd place finishes this season at Dota Pro Circuit LAN events. One of these tournaments was The Bucharest Major.

FlyToMoon
This team has been around for only two months and does not have a single notable result apart from some tournament qualifications. Even at this level of competition, which is considerably lower compared to that of Major tournaments, FlyToMoon has little to no chance of getting anything other than a 7th-8th place finish.

Prediction
This is a complete mismatch and will definitely end with a quick 2 – 0 victory in favor of VGJ.Thunder. Given that it’s a Bo3, there’s almost nothing that FlyToMoon can do to stop the Chinese juggernaut.
Bovada puts the odds for this match at -310 / +200 in favor of VGJ.Thunder, giving you spectacular returns for such a low-risk bet.

OpTic Gaming vs. Kinguin
OpTic Gaming
OpTic Gaming is the strongest team in North America, with the exception of Evil Geniuses. With more than 6 months of local and international experience, a great roster full of highly skilled individuals and a formidable captain (Peter “ppd” Dager, TI 5 champion with EG), OpTic Gaming is one of the main contenders at this event and should easily get a top 3 finish. I personally think they’re very likely to reach the Grand Final, but it remains to be seen.

Team Kinguin
Team Kinguin is a mediocre European squad with a few participations at Dota Pro Circuit events but no achievements so far. Given that StarLadder ImbaTV Invitational Season 5 is a Minor event which for the most part, didn’t attract the interest of top teams, Team Kinguin might achieve a 5th-6th place result. But I don’t think they can climb higher than that.

Prediction
This might be a disputed match, but OpTic Gaming will almost certainly still be victorious in the end. Either a 2 – 0 or a 2 – 1 result in their favor is an extremely likely outcome for this encounter.

Bovada puts the odds for this match at -325 / +210 in favor of OpTic Gaming.

Vega Squadron vs. SG e-sports
Vega Squadron
Vega Squadron is a fairly strong team in the CIS region and in recent weeks has managed to beat tough opponents such as Team Empire, Natus Vincere and Team Spirit in the CIS qualifiers for various tournaments. The players on its roster aren’t very well known, but they’re all seasoned professionals and play reasonably well as a unit.

Vega Squadron has little chance of winning against top contenders like OpTic Gaming, Fnatic, and VGJ.Thunder, but has at least a 50% chance to emerge victorious against any other team. The most likely result for them at StarLadder ImbaTV Invitational Season 5 is a 5th-6th place finish.

SG e-sports
No doubt, SG e-sports is one of the top South American teams. However, South America is by far the weakest region in Dota 2 of the 6 that are officially recognized, and the only one that doesn’t have a representative among the top 10 teams inside the Dota Pro Circuit rankings table. Like most of the other participants at this tournament, SG e-sports hasn’t had any notable results this season. And since the skill difference between South America and the other regions is so big, it’s likely that they will get either a 5th-6th or 7th-8th place finish at this event.

Prediction
Vega Squadron is slightly favored to win this match, but only by a little. So you should be cautious here and not take a huge risk.

Bovada puts the odds for this match at -175 / +120 in favor of Vega Squadron.

Fnatic vs. Natus Vincere
Fnatic
Fnatic desperately needs a title or at least a 2nd place finish at StarLadder ImbaTV Invitational Season 5 if it wants to get back into top 8 in the Dota Pro Circuit rankings table and obtain a direct invite for The International 2018. Right now, it’s sitting at number 11 with 884 points, so this type of competition is a perfect opportunity for a great result because it lacks top opposition for the most part. In terms of strength, Fnatic is the second-best team at this event and will likely reach the Grand Final if it can defeat either OpTic Gaming or VGJ.Thunder in the Semifinals (depending on who it will face at that point).

One thing to take note of is that Fnatic will be playing with their coach Adam at this tournament and not with “pieliedie”. This decision might have a significant impact on their game.

Natus Vincere
Following the departure of RodjER and SoNNeikO, Natus Vincere went on a downward spiral and is now an underdog in most of the tournaments participates in. At the moment, this famous CIS team is sitting at number 10 in the Dota Pro Circuit rankings, having 1199 points. Just like Fnatic, Natus Vincere needs an excellent result at StarLadder ImbaTV Invitational Season 5 if it wants to have a chance of getting a top 8 finish for the season and get a direct invite to The International 2018. Based on its recent performance, Na’Vi has little chance of getting more than a 3rd-4th place finishes at this event.

Prediction
Fnatic will be seeking revenge for its previous defeat against Na’Vi and will almost certainly going to get it. However, keep in mind that Fnatic will be playing with a substitute and this may affect their performance in a negative way.

Bovada puts the odds for this match at -250 / +170 in favor of Fnatic.